The rules that I share here are for writing done in the United States, and they are really quite simple:
- Commas and periods always go inside the quotes.
- For other punctuation marks (question mark, exclamation point, colon, semicolon) it depends on whether the quotation mark is part of what is being quoted.
- “This is a good day,” she said.
- I don’t really like the movie “First Blood.”
Now let’s look at some examples with a question mark:
- “How are you?” she asked.
- Do you like the movie “First Blood”?
Let’s see the same idea with exclamation points:
- “Come over here!” he shouted.
- I really, really like to play “Pin the Tail on the Donkey”!